New Component

For some reusable UI, it is a best practice to abstract it as React components which should have these features:

  • Independent, reusable and stable pieces.
  • Don't contain routes info.
  • Stateless or contain isolate state within it.

Now we try to write a simple component as sample. Assume that you have a picture presentation UI which has fixed width, grey background, and text description like this:

Create file in components#

Create a folder named ImageWrapper (capitalised and same as component name) under src/components, and index.js index.less inside it.

You can split sub-component into other files and import them in index.js.

// MainComponent.js
export default ({ ... }) => (...);

// SubComponent1.js
export default ({ ... }) => (...);

// SubComponent2.js
export default ({ ... }) => (...);

// index.js
import MainComponent from './MainComponent';
import SubComponent1 from './SubComponent1';
import SubComponent2 from './SubComponent2';

MainComponent.SubComponent1 = SubComponent1;
MainComponent.SubComponent2 = SubComponent2;
export default MainComponent;
The Component source code would be like:

// index.js
import React from 'react';
import styles from './index.less';    // import style in css modules way

export default ({ src, desc, style }) => (
  <div style={style} className={styles.imageWrapper}>
    <img className={styles.img} src={src} alt={desc} />
    {desc && <div className={styles.desc}>{desc}</div>}
// index.less
.imageWrapper {
  padding: 0 20px 8px;
  background: #f2f4f5;
  width: 400px;
  margin: 0 auto;
  text-align: center;

.img {
  vertical-align: middle;
  max-width: calc(100% - 32px);
  margin: 2.4em 1em;
  box-shadow: 0 8px 20px rgba(143, 168, 191, 0.35);

Then you have a component ImageWrapper you can use at anywhere in your application.

Use it#

Import your component and use it like other React components.

import React from 'react';
import ImageWrapper from '@/components/ImageWrapper'; // @ means the relative path of source

export default () => (
  <ImageWrapper src="" desc="sample" />